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(Other demon lords: added very minor demon lords in Golarion)
m (Tweaks)
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{{Badges|featured}}
 
{{Badges|featured}}
 
{{Creature
 
{{Creature
| image = [[File:Cyth-V'sug.jpg|250px|Cyth-V'sug, demon lord of disease, fungus and parasites]]
+
| image       = [[File:Cyth-V'sug.jpg|250px|Cyth-V'sug, demon lord of disease, fungus and parasites.]]
| name = Demon Lord
+
| name       = Demon Lord
| type = Outsider
+
| type       = Outsider
| subtype = chaotic, demon, evil
+
| subtype     = chaotic, demon, evil
| challenge = 26-30 (true demon lords) <br /> 21-25 (nascent demon lords)
+
| challenge   = 26-30 (true demon lords)<br />21-25 (nascent demon lords)
 
| environment = Any ([[Abyss]])
 
| environment = Any ([[Abyss]])
| alignment = {{alignment grid|off|off|off|off|off|off|off|off|on}}
+
| alignment   = {{Alignment grid/CE}}
| source = [[Lords of Chaos]]
+
| source     = [[Lords of Chaos]]
| page = 8-29, 37-39
+
| page       = 8-29, 37-39
 
}}
 
}}
  
A [[demon lord]] is a very powerful and unique [[demon]]. They are by definition rulers of at least one layer of the [[Abyss]], and have hordes of nascent demon lords and lesser demons in their service. Being creatures of chaos, however, not all demons are servants to a demon lord.<ref>{{Cite book/Descent into Midnight|55}}</ref> As the Abyss is nigh infinite, so too are the number of demon lords.<ref name="ISWG231">{{Cite book/The Inner Sea World Guide|231}}</ref>  
+
A '''demon lord''' is a very powerful and unique [[demon]]. They are by definition rulers of at least one layer of the [[Abyss]], and have hordes of nascent demon lords and lesser demons in their service. Being creatures of [[chaos]], however, not all demons are servants to a demon lord.<ref>{{Cite book/Descent into Midnight|55}}</ref> As the Abyss is nigh infinite, so too are the number of demon lords.<ref name="ISWG231">{{Cite book/The Inner Sea World Guide|231}}</ref>  
  
 
All demon lords are technically&mdash;if not actively&mdash;at war with one another almost all the time. While some alliances are forged and uneasy truces held, most demon lords are actively at war with one or two others. Often these combatants have similar interests (and are therefore rivals for mortal worshipers), or have adjacent layers.<ref>{{Cite book/The Great Beyond|28}}</ref>
 
All demon lords are technically&mdash;if not actively&mdash;at war with one another almost all the time. While some alliances are forged and uneasy truces held, most demon lords are actively at war with one or two others. Often these combatants have similar interests (and are therefore rivals for mortal worshipers), or have adjacent layers.<ref>{{Cite book/The Great Beyond|28}}</ref>
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This is a list of those demon lords with a well-known interest in [[Golarion]]. [[Lamashtu]] is included on this list because she is both a demon lord and a goddess.<ref name="CS174">{{Cite book/Campaign Setting|174}}</ref> These demon lords are powerful even among their own kind and are known well beyond the confines of the Abyss.<ref name="ISWG231"/>
 
This is a list of those demon lords with a well-known interest in [[Golarion]]. [[Lamashtu]] is included on this list because she is both a demon lord and a goddess.<ref name="CS174">{{Cite book/Campaign Setting|174}}</ref> These demon lords are powerful even among their own kind and are known well beyond the confines of the Abyss.<ref name="ISWG231"/>
  
{| class="wikitable" border="0" style="width: 100%"
+
{| class="tantable tantablerows sortable" style="width: 100%"
| [[Abraxas|Abraxas, Master of the Final Incantation, Lord of Magic and Forbidden Lore]]
+
! Name
| [[Angazhan|Angazhan, The Ravener King, Lord of Apes and Jungles]]
+
! Titles
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Baphomet|Baphomet, Lord of Minotaurs, Lord of Labyrinths and Beasts]]
+
| [[Abraxas]]
| [[Cyth-V'sug|Cyth-V'sug, Prince of the Blasted Heath, Lord of Fungus and Parasites]]
+
| Master of the Final Incantation, Lord of Magic and Forbidden Lore
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Dagon|Dagon, The Shadow in the Sea, Lord of the Sea and Sea Monsters]]
+
| [[Angazhan]]
| [[Deskari|Deskari, Lord of the Locust Host, Lord of Locusts and Infestation]]
+
| The Ravener King, Lord of Apes and Jungles
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Gogunta|Gogunta, Song of the Swamp, Lord of Boggards and Swamps]]
+
| [[Baphomet]]
| [[Kostchtchie|Kostchtchie, The Deathless Frost, Lord of Giants and Cold]]
+
| Lord of Minotaurs, Lord of Labyrinths and Beasts
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Nocticula|Nocticula, Our Lady in Shadow, Lord of Darkness and Lust]]
+
| [[Cyth-V'sug]]
| [[Orcus|Orcus, Prince of Undeath, Lord of Necromancy and the Undead]]
+
| Prince of the Blasted Heath, Lord of Fungus and Parasites
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Pazuzu|Pazuzu, King of Wind Demons, Demon Lord of Winged Creatures and the Sky]]
+
| [[Dagon]]
| [[Shax|Shax, The Blood Marquis, Demon Lord of Lies and Murder]]
+
| The Shadow in the Sea, Lord of the Sea and Sea Monsters
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Socothbenoth|Socothbenoth, The Silken Sin, Lord of Perversion and Taboo]]
+
| [[Deskari]]
| [[Zura|Zura, The Vampire Queen, Lord of Cannibalism and Vampires]]
+
| Lord of the Locust Host, Lord of Locusts and Infestation
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Lamashtu|Lamashtu, The Mother of Monsters, Lord of Madness and Monsters]]
+
| [[Gogunta]]
 +
| Song of the Swamp, Lord of Boggards and Swamps
 +
|-
 +
| [[Kostchtchie]]
 +
| The Deathless Frost, Lord of Giants and Cold
 +
|-
 +
| [[Lamashtu]]
 +
| The Mother of Monsters, Lord of Madness and Monsters
 +
|-
 +
| [[Nocticula]]
 +
| Our Lady in Shadow, Lord of Darkness and Lust
 +
|-
 +
| [[Orcus]]
 +
| Prince of Undeath, Lord of Necromancy and the Undead
 +
|-
 +
| [[Pazuzu]]
 +
| King of Wind Demons, Demon Lord of Winged Creatures and the Sky
 +
|-
 +
| [[Shax]]
 +
| The Blood Marquis, Demon Lord of Lies and Murder
 +
|-
 +
| [[Socothbenoth]]
 +
| The Silken Sin, Lord of Perversion and Taboo
 +
|-
 +
| [[Zura]]
 +
| The Vampire Queen, Lord of Cannibalism and Vampires
 
|}
 
|}
  
===Seven deadly sins===
+
=== Seven deadly sins ===
Each of the classic seven deadly sins has an associated Demon Lord.<ref>{{Cite book/The Worldwound|49}}</ref>
+
Each of the classic seven deadly sins has an associated demon lord.<ref>{{Cite book/The Worldwound|49}}</ref>
  
* Envy [[Shax]]
+
* Envy: [[Shax]]
*Gluttony [[Xoveron]]
+
* Gluttony: [[Xoveron]]
* Greed [[Areshkagal]]
+
* Greed: [[Areshkagal]]
* Lust [[Nocticula]]
+
* Lust: [[Nocticula]]
* Pride [[Socothbenoth]]
+
* Pride: [[Socothbenoth]]
* Sloth [[Jubilex]]
+
* Sloth: [[Jubilex]]
* Wrath [[Orcus]]
+
* Wrath: [[Orcus]]
  
 
=== Other demon lords ===
 
=== Other demon lords ===
 
 
These demon lords, while perhaps as individually powerful as those listed above, tend to have less influence on Golarion. Possessing smaller or more local cults, their interests are in other worlds and other sins.<ref name="CS175">{{Cite book/Campaign Setting|175}}</ref><ref name="ISWG233">{{Cite book/The Inner Sea World Guide|233}}</ref>
 
These demon lords, while perhaps as individually powerful as those listed above, tend to have less influence on Golarion. Possessing smaller or more local cults, their interests are in other worlds and other sins.<ref name="CS175">{{Cite book/Campaign Setting|175}}</ref><ref name="ISWG233">{{Cite book/The Inner Sea World Guide|233}}</ref>
  
{| class="wikitable" border="0" style="width: 100%"
+
{| class="tantable tantablerows sortable" style="width: 100%"
| [[Aldinach|Aldinach, She of the Six Venoms, Lord of Sand and Scorpions]]
+
! Name
| [[Andirifkhu|Andirifkhu, The Razor Princess, Lord of Knives and Traps]]
+
! Titles
 +
|-
 +
| [[Aldinach]]
 +
| She of the Six Venoms, Lord of Sand and Scorpions
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Areshkagal|Areshkagal, The Faceless Sphinx, Lord of Portals and Riddles]]
+
| [[Andirifkhu]]
| [[Flauros|Flauros, The Burning Maw, Lord of Fire and Salamanders]]
+
| The Razor Princess, Lord of Knives and Traps
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Haagenti|Haagenti, The Whisper Within, Lord of Alchemy and Change]]
+
| [[Areshkagal]]
| [[Jezelda|Jezelda, Mistress of the Hungry Moon, Lord of the Moon and Werewolves]]
+
| The Faceless Sphinx, Lord of Portals and Riddles
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Jubilex|Jubilex, The Faceless Lord, Lord of Poison and Ooze]]
+
| [[Flauros]]
| [[Kabriri|Kabriri, Him Who Gnaws, Lord of Graves and Ghouls]]
+
| The Burning Maw, Lord of Fire and Salamanders
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Mazmezz|Mazmezz, The Creeping Queen, Lord of Vermin and Bindings]]
+
| [[Haagenti]]
| [[Mestama|Mestama, The Mother of Witches, Lord of Hags and Deception]]
+
| The Whisper Within, Lord of Alchemy and Change
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Nurgal|Nurgal, The Shining Scourge, Lord of the Sun and War]]
+
| [[Jezelda]]
| [[Shivaska|Shivaska, The Chained Maiden, Lord of Aberrations and Prisons]]
+
| Mistress of the Hungry Moon, Lord of the Moon and Werewolves
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Sifkesh|Sifkesh, The Sacred Whore, Lord of Heresy and Suicide]]
+
| [[Jubilex]]
| [[Urxehl|Urxehl, Trollfather, Lord of Storms and Trolls]]
+
| The Faceless Lord, Lord of Poison and Ooze
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Xoveron|Xoveron, The Horned Prince, Lord of Gargoyles and Ruins]]
+
| [[Kabriri]]
| [[Yhidothrus|Yhidothrus, The Ravager Worm, Lord of Time and Worms]]
+
| Him Who Gnaws, Lord of Graves and Ghouls
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Zevgavizeb|Zevgavizeb, The God of Troglodytes, Lord of Caverns and Troglodytes]]
+
| [[Mazmezz]]
 +
| The Creeping Queen, Lord of Vermin and Bindings
 +
|-
 +
| [[Mestama]]
 +
| The Mother of Witches, Lord of Hags and Deception
 +
|-
 +
| [[Nurgal]]
 +
| The Shining Scourge, Lord of the Sun and War
 +
|-
 +
| [[Shivaska]]
 +
| The Chained Maiden, Lord of Aberrations and Prisons
 +
|-
 +
| [[Sifkesh]]
 +
| The Sacred Whore, Lord of Heresy and Suicide
 +
|-
 +
| [[Urxehl]]
 +
| Trollfather, Lord of Storms and Trolls
 +
|-
 +
| [[Xoveron]]
 +
| The Horned Prince, Lord of Gargoyles and Ruins
 +
|-
 +
| [[Yhidothrus]]
 +
| The Ravager Worm, Lord of Time and Worms
 +
|-
 +
| [[Zevgavizeb]]
 +
| The God of Troglodytes, Lord of Caverns and Troglodytes
 
|}
 
|}
  
Line 92: Line 144:
  
 
== Nascent demon lords ==<!--The page [[Nascent demon lord]] links here -->
 
== Nascent demon lords ==<!--The page [[Nascent demon lord]] links here -->
 
 
All demons are created from [[Petitioner|larvae]], the Abyss-damned souls of evil mortals. By amassing tremendous power and prestige, any demon can theoretically transform itself into a unique member of its species. These creatures have not yet achieved the full status of demon lordship, including [[demigod]] status, and are as yet somewhat unformed. They must continue serving more powerful demon lords until they come into their own. These creatures are known as '''nascent demon lords''', and they exist in their hundreds or thousands in the Abyss. Of this large population, however, very few survive the trials and tribulation of the Abyss and its denizens to ascend to full demon lordship.<ref name="LC-37">{{cite book/Lords of Chaos|37}}</ref>
 
All demons are created from [[Petitioner|larvae]], the Abyss-damned souls of evil mortals. By amassing tremendous power and prestige, any demon can theoretically transform itself into a unique member of its species. These creatures have not yet achieved the full status of demon lordship, including [[demigod]] status, and are as yet somewhat unformed. They must continue serving more powerful demon lords until they come into their own. These creatures are known as '''nascent demon lords''', and they exist in their hundreds or thousands in the Abyss. Of this large population, however, very few survive the trials and tribulation of the Abyss and its denizens to ascend to full demon lordship.<ref name="LC-37">{{cite book/Lords of Chaos|37}}</ref>
  
 
=== Known nascent demon lords ===
 
=== Known nascent demon lords ===
 
 
Although the true number of nascent demon lords in the Abyss is not known, it is rumored to be in the hundreds, if not thousands. Below is a short list of the most well-known of these powerful creatures, along with the names of the demon lords whom they serve (if any).<ref name="LC-37" />
 
Although the true number of nascent demon lords in the Abyss is not known, it is rumored to be in the hundreds, if not thousands. Below is a short list of the most well-known of these powerful creatures, along with the names of the demon lords whom they serve (if any).<ref name="LC-37" />
  
* [[Daclau-Sar]], the Lord of Carrion serves Lamashtu.
+
{| class="tantable tantablerows sortable" style="width: 100%"
* [[Izyagna]], She of the Sevenfold Swarm serves Lamashtu.
+
! Name
* [[Kalvakus]], aquatic nascent demon lord residing on the sea surrounding [[Tharsekti]] in Lamashtu's realm of Kurnugia.
+
! Titles
* [[Kholerus]], imprisoned in the [[Lake of Mists and Veils]] in [[Brevoy]].<ref>{{Cite book/Liar's Blade|323}}</ref>
+
! Home
* [[Kro'akoth]], the Awakener.
+
! Master
* [[Menxyr]], the Coffin Groom resides in the Abyssal realm of [[Malvyrea]] and serves no one.
+
|-
* [[Murnath]], the Horned Rat served Lamashtu.
+
| [[Daclau-Sar]]
* [[Nightripper|The Nightripper]] serves Lamashtu.
+
| the Lord of Carrion
* [[Ovonovo]] lives in the Abyssal realm of [[Ishiar]] and serves no one.
+
|
* [[Shamira]] resides in the [[Midnight Isles]] and serves Nocticula.
+
| Lamashtu
* [[Sithhud]] lives in the realm of [[Jhuvumirak]] and serves no one.
+
|-
* [[Treerazer]] is exiled to [[Golarion]] after trying to overthrow Cyth-V'sug and lives in the [[Tanglebriar]].<ref>{{Cite book/The Inner Sea World Guide|315}}</ref>
+
| [[Izyagna]]
* [[Yamasoth]], the Polymorph Plague resides in the cavern realm of [[Sekatar-Seraktis]] and serves no one.
+
| She of the Sevenfold Swarm
 +
|
 +
| Lamashtu
 +
|-
 +
| [[Kalvakus]]
 +
| Aquatic nascent demon lord
 +
| The sea surrounding [[Tharsekti]] in Lamashtu's realm of Kurnugia
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
| [[Kholerus]]
 +
|
 +
| Imprisoned in the [[Lake of Mists and Veils]] in [[Brevoy]]<ref>{{Cite book/Liar's Blade|323}}</ref>
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
| [[Kro'akoth]]
 +
| The Awakener
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
| [[Menxyr]]
 +
| The Coffin Groom
 +
| The Abyssal realm of [[Malvyrea]]
 +
| None
 +
|-
 +
| [[Murnath]]
 +
| The Horned Rat
 +
|
 +
| Lamashtu
 +
|-
 +
| [[Nightripper|The&nbsp;Nightripper]]
 +
|
 +
|
 +
| Lamashtu
 +
|-
 +
| [[Ovonovo]]  
 +
|
 +
| The Abyssal realm of [[Ishiar]]
 +
| None
 +
|-
 +
| [[Shamira]]
 +
|
 +
| The [[Midnight Isles]]
 +
| Nocticula
 +
|-
 +
| [[Sithhud]]  
 +
|
 +
| The realm of [[Jhuvumirak]]
 +
| None
 +
|-
 +
| [[Treerazer]]
 +
|
 +
| Exiled to [[Golarion]] after trying to overthrow Cyth-V'sug and lives in the [[Tanglebriar]].<ref>{{Cite book/The Inner Sea World Guide|315}}</ref>
 +
| None
 +
|-
 +
| [[Yamasoth]]
 +
| the Polymorph Plague
 +
| The cavern realm of [[Sekatar-Seraktis]]
 +
| no one
 +
|-
 +
|}
  
 
== References ==
 
== References ==
Demon lords are covered in detail within the pages of [[Lords of Chaos, Book of the Damned Volume 2]].
+
Demon lords are covered in detail in ''[[Lords of Chaos, Book of the Damned Volume 2]]''.
{{refs}}
+
{{Refs}}
  
{{Deities navbox}}
 
 
{{Demon lords}}
 
{{Demon lords}}
 +
{{Deities navbox|minor}}
  
 
[[Category:Demon lords| ]]
 
[[Category:Demon lords| ]]
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[[Category:Evil subtype creatures]]
 
[[Category:Evil subtype creatures]]
 
[[Category:Demigods]]
 
[[Category:Demigods]]
[[Category:Abyss]]
 
 
[[Category:Abyss/Inhabitants]]
 
[[Category:Abyss/Inhabitants]]
 
[[Category:Chaotic evil creatures]]
 
[[Category:Chaotic evil creatures]]

Revision as of 16:09, 26 September 2015

This is a PathfinderWiki Featured Article.
Demon Lord
Cyth-V'sug, demon lord of disease, fungus and parasites.
(Creature)
Type Outsider
(chaotic, demon, evil)
CR 26-30 (true demon lords)
21-25 (nascent demon lords)
Environment Any (Abyss)
Alignment
Images of demon lords

Source: Lords of Chaos, pg(s). 8-29, 37-39

A demon lord is a very powerful and unique demon. They are by definition rulers of at least one layer of the Abyss, and have hordes of nascent demon lords and lesser demons in their service. Being creatures of chaos, however, not all demons are servants to a demon lord.[1] As the Abyss is nigh infinite, so too are the number of demon lords.[2]

All demon lords are technically—if not actively—at war with one another almost all the time. While some alliances are forged and uneasy truces held, most demon lords are actively at war with one or two others. Often these combatants have similar interests (and are therefore rivals for mortal worshipers), or have adjacent layers.[3]

Demon lords are such powerful fiends that they are capable of granting spells and power to their debauched mortal worshipers,[4] and as such are considered demigods.[5] As demigods, they can take dominion over four domains.[6][7]

Known demon lords

This is a list of those demon lords with a well-known interest in Golarion. Lamashtu is included on this list because she is both a demon lord and a goddess.[8] These demon lords are powerful even among their own kind and are known well beyond the confines of the Abyss.[2]

Name Titles
Abraxas Master of the Final Incantation, Lord of Magic and Forbidden Lore
Angazhan The Ravener King, Lord of Apes and Jungles
Baphomet Lord of Minotaurs, Lord of Labyrinths and Beasts
Cyth-V'sug Prince of the Blasted Heath, Lord of Fungus and Parasites
Dagon The Shadow in the Sea, Lord of the Sea and Sea Monsters
Deskari Lord of the Locust Host, Lord of Locusts and Infestation
Gogunta Song of the Swamp, Lord of Boggards and Swamps
Kostchtchie The Deathless Frost, Lord of Giants and Cold
Lamashtu The Mother of Monsters, Lord of Madness and Monsters
Nocticula Our Lady in Shadow, Lord of Darkness and Lust
Orcus Prince of Undeath, Lord of Necromancy and the Undead
Pazuzu King of Wind Demons, Demon Lord of Winged Creatures and the Sky
Shax The Blood Marquis, Demon Lord of Lies and Murder
Socothbenoth The Silken Sin, Lord of Perversion and Taboo
Zura The Vampire Queen, Lord of Cannibalism and Vampires

Seven deadly sins

Each of the classic seven deadly sins has an associated demon lord.[9]

Other demon lords

These demon lords, while perhaps as individually powerful as those listed above, tend to have less influence on Golarion. Possessing smaller or more local cults, their interests are in other worlds and other sins.[10][11]

Name Titles
Aldinach She of the Six Venoms, Lord of Sand and Scorpions
Andirifkhu The Razor Princess, Lord of Knives and Traps
Areshkagal The Faceless Sphinx, Lord of Portals and Riddles
Flauros The Burning Maw, Lord of Fire and Salamanders
Haagenti The Whisper Within, Lord of Alchemy and Change
Jezelda Mistress of the Hungry Moon, Lord of the Moon and Werewolves
Jubilex The Faceless Lord, Lord of Poison and Ooze
Kabriri Him Who Gnaws, Lord of Graves and Ghouls
Mazmezz The Creeping Queen, Lord of Vermin and Bindings
Mestama The Mother of Witches, Lord of Hags and Deception
Nurgal The Shining Scourge, Lord of the Sun and War
Shivaska The Chained Maiden, Lord of Aberrations and Prisons
Sifkesh The Sacred Whore, Lord of Heresy and Suicide
Urxehl Trollfather, Lord of Storms and Trolls
Xoveron The Horned Prince, Lord of Gargoyles and Ruins
Yhidothrus The Ravager Worm, Lord of Time and Worms
Zevgavizeb The God of Troglodytes, Lord of Caverns and Troglodytes

The following Demon Lords are virtually unknown on Golarion: Behemoth, Demogorgon, Ipos, Marbas, Vepar

Nascent demon lords

All demons are created from larvae, the Abyss-damned souls of evil mortals. By amassing tremendous power and prestige, any demon can theoretically transform itself into a unique member of its species. These creatures have not yet achieved the full status of demon lordship, including demigod status, and are as yet somewhat unformed. They must continue serving more powerful demon lords until they come into their own. These creatures are known as nascent demon lords, and they exist in their hundreds or thousands in the Abyss. Of this large population, however, very few survive the trials and tribulation of the Abyss and its denizens to ascend to full demon lordship.[12]

Known nascent demon lords

Although the true number of nascent demon lords in the Abyss is not known, it is rumored to be in the hundreds, if not thousands. Below is a short list of the most well-known of these powerful creatures, along with the names of the demon lords whom they serve (if any).[12]

Name Titles Home Master
Daclau-Sar the Lord of Carrion Lamashtu
Izyagna She of the Sevenfold Swarm Lamashtu
Kalvakus Aquatic nascent demon lord The sea surrounding Tharsekti in Lamashtu's realm of Kurnugia
Kholerus Imprisoned in the Lake of Mists and Veils in Brevoy[13]
Kro'akoth The Awakener
Menxyr The Coffin Groom The Abyssal realm of Malvyrea None
Murnath The Horned Rat Lamashtu
The Nightripper Lamashtu
Ovonovo The Abyssal realm of Ishiar None
Shamira The Midnight Isles Nocticula
Sithhud The realm of Jhuvumirak None
Treerazer Exiled to Golarion after trying to overthrow Cyth-V'sug and lives in the Tanglebriar.[14] None
Yamasoth the Polymorph Plague The cavern realm of Sekatar-Seraktis no one

References

Demon lords are covered in detail in Lords of Chaos, Book of the Damned Volume 2.

For additional resources, see the Meta page.

  1. James Jacobs. (2009). Demon Lords of Golarion. Descent into Midnight, p. 55. Paizo Publishing, LLC. ISBN 978-1-60125-131-2
  2. 2.0 2.1 James Jacobs et al. (2011). The Inner Sea World Guide, p. 231. Paizo Publishing, LLC. ISBN 978-1-60125-269-2
  3. Todd Stewart. (2009). The Great Beyond: A Guide to the Multiverse, p. 28. Paizo Publishing, LLC. ISBN 978-1-60125-167-1
  4. James Jacobs. (2009). Demon Lords of Golarion. Descent into Midnight, p. 54. Paizo Publishing, LLC. ISBN 978-1-60125-131-2
  5. James Jacobs. (2010). Lords of Chaos, p. 8. Paizo Publishing, LLC. ISBN 978-1-60125-250-0
  6. Two of these domains must be Chaos and Evil; the other two domains will reflect the demon lord's personal portfolio.
  7. James Jacobs, Jason Nelson, David Schwartz, and Jerome Virnich. (2013). Bestiary. The Worldwound Incursion, p. 81. Paizo Publishing, LLC. ISBN 978-1-60125-553-2
  8. Erik Mona et al. (2008). Campaign Setting, p. 174. Paizo Publishing, LLC. ISBN 978-1-60125-112-1
  9. James Jacobs, Jonathan H. Keith, Jason Nelson, Todd Stewart, and Tanith Tyrr. (2013). The Worldwound, p. 49. Paizo Publishing, LLC. ISBN 978-1-60125-532-7
  10. Erik Mona et al. (2008). Campaign Setting, p. 175. Paizo Publishing, LLC. ISBN 978-1-60125-112-1
  11. James Jacobs et al. (2011). The Inner Sea World Guide, p. 233. Paizo Publishing, LLC. ISBN 978-1-60125-269-2
  12. 12.0 12.1 James Jacobs. (2010). Lords of Chaos, p. 37. Paizo Publishing, LLC. ISBN 978-1-60125-250-0
  13. Tim Pratt. (2013). Liar's Blade, Paizo Publishing, LLC. ISBN 978-1-60125-515-0
  14. James Jacobs et al. (2011). The Inner Sea World Guide, p. 315. Paizo Publishing, LLC. ISBN 978-1-60125-269-2