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{{Region
+
{{Badges|featured}}
|name = Iobaria
+
{{Nation
 +
| image      = [[File:Iobaria map.jpg|300px|The region of Iobaria]]
 +
| name       = Iobaria
 +
| titles    =
 +
| alignment  = Varies
 +
| capital    = None
 +
| ruler      = Many local rulers
 +
| government = Various
 +
| natives    = Iobarians
 +
| adjective  = Iobarian
 +
| languages  = Iobarian
 +
| religions  = Minor nature spirits
 +
| regionmap  =
 +
| source    = [[The Varnhold Vanishing]]
 +
| page      = 54–63
 
}}
 
}}
  
The land of '''Iobaria''' is located east of the nation of [[Brevoy]], but is considered part of the continent of [[Casmaron]]. Found north of the [[Castrovin Sea]], it was once a mighty empire, but was decimated two millennia ago by a series of plagues.<ref name="CS-153">{{Cite book/Campaign Setting|153-154}}</ref> The empire, at its height, stretched from the Icewall, Ice Steppes, and the Lake of Mists and Veils in the north to the Myrfrus River in the East, the Icerime Peaks and Hills of Nomen in the West, and the Castrovin Sea to the south.<ref name="PF-33">{{Cite book/The Varnhold Vanishing|55,58}}</ref>
+
The land of '''Iobaria''' is located east of the nation of [[Brevoy]], north of the [[Castrovin Sea]], and is considered part of the continent of [[Casmaron]]. [[Human]] settlers have united the land into an empire in the past, but currently the land is largely wilderness thanks to a series of [[Diseases of Golarion|plagues]] that have severely depopulated the region.<ref name="CS-153">{{Cite book/Campaign Setting|153-154}}</ref>
  
Iobaria is low-density and sparsely populated. About eight of every ten inhabitants live outside cities in settlements that are smaller than hamlets elsewhere. Other, non-human races live as nomads in packs that are smaller than that of an average village. <ref name="PF-33">{{Cite book/The Varnhold Vanishing|55}}</ref>
+
== History ==
 +
 
 +
{{See also|Timeline of Iobaria}}
 +
 
 +
=== Koloran ===
 +
 
 +
No one is sure who lived in Iobaria in the early eons of the [[Age of Legend]], but someone carved the steps into [[Dirrinir]], a mountain in the [[Icerime Peaks]].<ref name="PF33-62"/> The first ''recorded'' inhabitants of the area where the [[cyclops|cyclopes]] of the [[Koloran|Kingdom of Koloran]] who left ruins in Iobaria and are mentioned in the ancient texts of [[Iblydos]], itself one of the oldest [[human]] civilizations of Casmaron. The Koloran cyclopes were refugees from the even older realm of [[Ghol-Gan]] in [[Garund]], and left that kingdom looking for a new life free of the brutality and bloodlust that would soon cause its demise.<ref name="LK-26">{{Cite book/Lost Kingdoms|26}}</ref> Although few hard facts are known about Koloran, it is thought that ended in the planet-wide apocalypse of [[Earthfall]] in [[-5293 AR]].<ref name="IT">{{Cite web/Iobaria timeline}}</ref>
 +
 
 +
=== Ulfen settle Iobaria ===
 +
 
 +
During the 700s [[Absalom Reckoning|AR]], [[Ulfen (human ethnicity)|Ulfen]] explorers from [[Avistan]] migrated east along the southern edges of the [[Crown of the World]]. They traveled east from the [[Lake of Mists and Veils]] until they reached the Castrovin Sea. There they spread out and attempted to subdue their new, hostile environment.<ref name="ISWG-205">{{Cite book/The Inner Sea World Guide|205}}</ref> [[Okormirr]] was the first Ulfen settlement east of the Lake, and was founded around [[752 AR]].<ref name="PF-33_55"/> Okormirr then spawned the city of [[Orlov]], which eclipsed its predecessor in [[764 AR]]. In [[905 AR]], the ruler [[Iobar I|Iobar the Potent]] of Orlov succeeded in uniting the Ulfen of Iobaria into a single realm.<ref name="PF-33_55"/>
 +
 
 +
The Iobarian empire at its height stretched from the [[Icewall]], [[Ice Steppes]], and the [[Lake of Mists and Veils]] in the north to the [[Myrfrus River]] in the east, [[Mendev]] (past the [[Icerime Peaks]] and [[Hills of Nomen]]) to the west, and the [[Castrovin Sea]] to the south.<ref name="PF-33_55">{{Cite book/The Varnhold Vanishing|55}}</ref><ref name="PF-33x">{{Cite book/The Varnhold Vanishing|58}}</ref> Iobaria also extended itself into Avistan, founding the colonies of [[Issia]] (now part of [[Brevoy]]) and [[Mendev]].<ref name="ISWG-205"/>
 +
 
 +
=== The Plagues ===
 +
 
 +
In [[1106 AR]] was the first recorded great plague, the [[Tearplague]]. Most of the plagues seem to have arisen from the forests.<ref>{{Cite book/Campaign Setting|164}}</ref> Iobarians have blamed cyclops ruins like [[Orosknir]],<ref name="PF33-62">{{Cite book/The Varnhold Vanishing|62}}</ref> and in [[2767 AR]] they blamed foreigners. The one plague which they tracked down to its source was the [[Chardeath]] in [[1634 AR]], which in [[1869 AR]] they tracked to the [[necromancer]] [[Otyb|Otyb the Undying]]. Even today a host of illnesses keeps the population low.<ref name="IT"/>
 +
 
 +
The worst plague was the [[Choking Death]] of [[2742 AR]] that killed three quarters of the population and led to a vicious pogrom remembered as the [[Native Plaguestrife]], and entire cities were abandoned as a result of these tragedies.<ref name="ISWG-205"/> Thus weakened, the kingdom of Iobaria lost control of its vassal states, which rebelled against its control, only to collapse themselves once they were cut off from central support.<ref name="CS-153"/> Even after the Choking Death subsided, it never really disappeared completely from Iobaria, but continued keeping population growth in check for centuries.<ref name="ISWG-205"/>
 +
 
 +
=== New Iobaria ===
  
== Geography ==
+
In [[3212 AR]], three warlords reunited much of Iobaria as [[New Iobaria]].<ref name="V-56">{{Cite book/The Varnhold Vanishing|56}}</ref> These fell into internecine strife before the unification was complete. [[Irral I|King Irral I]] won the [[Restoration War]] in [[3304 AR]] (although peace was not declared until [[3309 AR]])<ref name="V-56"/> with the help of [[Dragon|draconian]] allies. In repayment, Irral ceded control of all cyclopean ruins not currently in use to the dragons. The human-occupied cities remained human, and humans retained a presence in strategically-important sites like [[Fralros]]. [[Antoll]] was the capital at New Iobaria's height, which lasted from roughly [[3312 AR]]&ndash;[[3679 AR]].<ref>{{Cite book/The Varnhold Vanishing|57}}</ref>
[[File:Iobaria map.jpg|thumb|The region of Iobaria]]
 
; [[Orlov]]
 
: The fomer coastal capital of Iobaria manages to retain faint traces of its ancient grandeur. Its scheming prince dreams of re-establishing the Empire, but in fact doesn't even have enough troops to fully man the city's ancient fortifications.<ref name="CS-153" />
 
  
; [[Hask-Uktharan|Hask-Uktharan, the "Cairn of Many Torments"]]<ref name="PF-58">{{Cite book/The Varnhold Vanishing|59}}</ref>
+
More strife then occurred, but one clan emerged the winner by [[3870 AR]], pushing the rivals into Brevoy. This form of New Iobaria survived, somewhat stagnantly, until the [[Drakeplague]] of [[4519 AR]], when decline struck in earnest.<ref name="V-56"/>
: This is an enormous cairn of quarried stone blocks, marked in the script of the [[Cyclopes]]. The ''[[Record of Truan Iolavai]]'' describes how the scholar and his party investigated the cairn, against the advice of his local guides, only to be driven off by a howling mob of malformed giants led by the [[demon lord]] [[Kostchtchie]].<ref name="CS-153" />
 
{{sectstub}}
 
  
== History ==
+
In [[4606 AR]], the god [[Aroden]] fell and the [[Worldwound]] opened in the [[Kellid]] realm of [[Sarkoris]] In the next two decades, many Mendevians fled east, followed by the [[Sarkoris|Sarkorians]]. New Iobaria could not absorb the Sarkorians, and the kingdom collapsed again, starting at [[Mavradia]].<ref name="IT"/>
Iobaria was originally settled by [[Ulfen (human ethnicity)|Ulfen]] explorers from [[Avistan]] around [[752 AR]], who followed the southernmost polar ice caps eastward.<ref name="PF33-55">{{Cite book/The Varnhold Vanishing|55}}</ref> It soon grew into an empire with colonies as far afield as [[Issia]], (now Brevoy), and [[Mendev]], in Avistan. The empire was brought down by a series of plagues, the worst of which was the [[Choking Death]] of [[2742 AR]]. These diseases killed three quarters of the population, and even today a host of illnesses keeps the population low. Thus weakened, Iobaria lost control of its vassal states, which rebelled against its control, only to collapse themselves once they were cut off from central support.<ref name="CS-153" />
 
  
 +
== Geography ==
  
=== Timeline ===
+
; [[Orlov]]
 +
: The former coastal capital of Iobaria manages to retain faint traces of its ancient grandeur. Its scheming prince dreams of re-establishing the Empire, but in fact does not even have enough troops to fully man the city's ancient fortifications.<ref name="CS-153"/>
  
{|Year || Event
+
; [[Hask-Ultharan|Hask-Ultharan, the "Cairn of Many Torments"]]<ref name="PF-59">{{Cite book/The Varnhold Vanishing|59}}</ref>
|[[-5293 AR|-5293&nbsp;AR]] || [[Earthfall]]. End of the [[cyclops]] [[Koloran Empire]]
+
: This is an enormous cairn of quarried stone blocks, marked in the script of the [[cyclopes]]. The ''[[Record of Truan Iolavai]]'' describes how the scholar and his party investigated the cairn, against the advice of his local guides, only to be driven off by a howling mob of malformed [[giant]]s led by the [[demon lord]] [[Kostchtchie]].<ref name="CS-153"/>
|-
 
|[[-3923 AR|-3923&nbsp;AR]] || [[Pit of Gormuz]] opens in central [[Casmaron]]
 
|-
 
|[[-1281 AR|-1281&nbsp;AR]] || [[Taldor]] founded by [[Lost Azlanti]] and primitive native humans
 
|-
 
|[[-632 AR|-632&nbsp; AR]] || The [[Tarrasque]], [[Spawn of Rovagug]], destroys [[Ninshabur]]. Some hidden force turns the creature west across the [[Tovrus]] and into [[Avistan]].
 
|-
 
|[[752 AR|752&nbsp;AR]] || [[Ulfen]] explorers traverse the polar ice and settle into the taiga of northern [[Casmaron]], founding [[Okormirr]].
 
|-
 
|[[753 AR|753&nbsp;AR]] || Okormirran explorers discover the [[Koloran Roads]] and begin building [[Orlov]] among an old ruined cyclops city. Orlov becomes larger than [[Okormirr]] by [[764]].
 
|-
 
|[[780 AR|780&nbsp;AR]] || Founding of [[Orost]].
 
|-
 
|[[788 AR|788&nbsp;AR]] || Founding of [[Antoll]].
 
|-
 
|[[795 AR|795&nbsp;AR]] || Founding of [[Lenusya]].
 
|-
 
|[[809 AR|809&nbsp;AR]] || Founding of [[Mishkar]].
 
|-
 
|[[818 AR|818&nbsp;AR]] || Founding of [[Kirrosuli]].
 
|-
 
|[[846 AR|846&nbsp;AR]] || Founding of [[Kirya]].
 
|-
 
|[[905 AR|905&nbsp;AR]] || [[Iobar]], son of [[Kjell]] of [[Orlov]], conquers all challengers. He unites all territories under his own banner, claiming all lands from the [[Icewall]] to the [[Castrovin Sea]] as Iobaria.
 
|-
 
|[[937 AR]] || Death of Iobar I at the [[Battle of Kridorn]]. Iobar's son [[Hrugil]] repels the pirate fleets from the east, spending the rest of his rule improving Iobaria's fleets, intent on eradicating the powerful mercenary pirate and corsair fleets of the northwestern [[Castrovin Sea]].
 
|-
 
|[[975 AR]] || [[Kridorn]] rises to become a port city, not a minor fishing town.
 
|-
 
|[[1080 AR]] || [[Hroran]] and [[Kridorthrost]] founded in this year of plenty.
 
|-
 
|[[1106 AR]] || The [[Tearplague]] scours all settlements between the Norinor and Finadar.
 
|-
 
|[[1240 AR]] || Human settlers claim cyclops ruins in Caemorin, dubbing the settlement Mavradia.
 
|-
 
|[[1412 AR]] || Founding of [[Zradnirras]].
 
|-
 
|[[1466 AR]] || Founding of [[Vurnirn]] after a 24-year-long struggle against [[Hoofwood]] natives.
 
|-
 
|[[1528 AR]] || Founding of [[Mirnbay]].
 
|-
 
|[[1634 AR]] || The [[Chardeath]] sees many spontaneously combust in high fevers. The flames lead to the eradication of a third of all Iobarian settlements. This plague's source is revealed in [[1869]] as the necromancer [[Otyb the Undying]].
 
|-
 
|[[1717 AR]] || The red and blue great wyrms, [[Shrodniar]] and [[Voldmannasein]], clash over [[Fangard]]. Some force from the forest depths strike [[Voldmannasein]] dead, while [[Shrodnair]] crashes near [[Antoll]]. Strange glyphs are discovered, burnt into the blue dragon, scarring even his bones.
 
|-
 
|[[1900 AR]] || The centaur tribes of the [[Caemorin]] unite under the banner of [[Errindayn the Seer]], sacking [[Mirnbay]] and destroying numerous humanoid settlements.
 
|-
 
|[[1986 AR]] || [[Errindayn the Seer]] dies mysteriously after an unnaturally long life. The centaurs of the region abandon their warlike ways.
 
|-
 
|[[2108 AR]] || [[Mirnbay]] refounded and defenses significantly reinforced. Centaurs barred from the city for more than 400 years.
 
|-
 
|[[2546 AR]] || [[Ohjar's Plague]] kills a third of all male centaurs, orcs, and humans across the land in a mere 8 months.
 
|-
 
|[[2602 AR]] || Humans and some native centaur tribes ally together to form the realm of [[Zastel]] in eastern Iobaria, its capital in [[Mavradia]].
 
|-
 
|[[2654 AR]] || Iobaria begins the [[Reclamation Wars]] against [[Zastel]].
 
|-
 
|[[2686 AR]] || [[Zastel]] reconquered and returned to Iobarian rule.
 
|-
 
|[[2742 AR]] || The [[Choking Death]]. A respiratory plague suffocates more than 40% of Iobaria's adult population over the course of 8 months. The plague spreads west out of Iobaria (carried to [[Avistan]] by refugees) and devastates human populations in northeastern Avistan over the next 6 years.
 
|-
 
|[[2767 AR]] || The [[Native Plaguestrife]]: Various druid sects, guilds, and politicians fan flames against those they deem "non-native Iobarians" by claiming no plagues ever happened until folk started coming east from Avistan. Skirmishes and vendettas weaken the power bases of many for decades.
 
|-
 
|[[2920 AR]] || Earthquake rocks Taldor, Qadira, and central Casmaron. Coastal settlements along the northwestern Castrovin all damaged or destroyed by tidal waves.
 
|-
 
|3000s || Exodus. At least three separate waves of refugees abandon Iobaria over this century to settle other colonial lands to the west and south or new domains east of the Castrovin Sea.
 
|-
 
|[[3150 AR]] || The Pestilentropy infected many nomads and settlers in central Iobaria, causing fevers and madness ultimately leading to death by overexertion or by the blades of those its victims imagine to be their foes. The disease or its manic side effects destroy more than half of Iobaria's farms, villages, crops, and cattle, leading to a decade of lean harvests and starvation for the region. This devastation and the lack of support for the people leads to the final dissolution of Old Iobarian rule.
 
|-
 
|[[3212 AR]] || Three warlords (one of Issian descent) and their allies band together to restore the nation of Iobaria. Rallying to banners and flags of Old Iobaria, support for New Iobaria rose quickly with their reclamation of Orlov from foreign factions and their local pawns. The Restoration War lasts for nearly a century before New Iobaria officially exists and rules its lands.
 
|-
 
|[[3283 AR]] || House Arjal and House Korya betray allied House Narkys, sacrificing its leaders and troops to dragons of the mountains and wilds, their newer allies.
 
|-
 
|[[3304 AR]] || The Restoration War over, King Irral I turns control and demesne of all the old cyclops ruins to their white and red dragon allies.
 
|-
 
|[[3679 AR|3679&nbsp;AR]] || [[The Great Horde]]. A collection of ogre, giant, and cyclops tribes rampage across Iobaria under the command of [[Burlor]], a cyclops wearing the [[Crown of Mirim]] and wielding the [[Perobov Maul]]. These monsters remain a threat long after the death of Burlor beneath the hooves of more than 25 tribes of [[centaurs]].
 
|-
 
|[[4000 AR|4000&nbsp;AR]] || Amid the blizzards of a long and particularly harsh winter, [[frost giants]] from the [[Ice Steppes]] invade [[New Iobaria]], pillaging and murdering. They reach [[Orlov]] before being repelled.
 
|-
 
|[[4499 AR|4499&nbsp;AR]] || Iobarian [[Choral the Conqueror]] unites Rostland and Issia into Brevoy.
 
|-
 
|[[4519 AR|4519&nbsp;AR]] || The [[Drakeplague]] kills more than 60% of the dragon population within 3 months. The silver dragon [[Cithaythren]] and [[Finadar]] druids perform a ritual to end the plague before it spreads beyond Iobaria at the cost of that dragon's life.
 
|-
 
|4600s || [[Sarkoria]]n barbarians flee the expanding [[Worldwound]], a number of tribes crossing the polar ice to Iobaria.
 
|-
 
|[[4607 AR|4607&nbsp;AR]] || Skirmishes and battles among Sarkorian refugees, native insurgents, and Iobarian troops begin the second fall of Iobaria with the loss of [[Mavradia]] to rebel forces. Battles and rebellions continue over the next 5 decades.
 
|-
 
|[[4659 AR|4659&nbsp;AR]] || New Iobaria reduced to the now-isolated cities of [[Kridorn]], [[Mirnbay]], and [[Orlov]], each of whose rulers now claims to be the true ruler and heir of Iobaria due to blood ties to the dead kings.
 
|-
 
|[[4667 AR|4667&nbsp;AR]] || [[Red Revolution]] of [[Galt]]; many Galtan nobles flee north and eventually arrive in [[Kridorn]].
 
|-
 
|[[4699 AR|4699&nbsp;AR]] || Royal [[House Rogarvia]], descended from Iobarian warlords, disappears. [[House Surtova]] assumes power in [[Brevoy]].
 
|}
 
<ref>{{Cite web/Iobaria timeline}}</ref>
 
  
 
== Inhabitants ==
 
== Inhabitants ==
The numerous diseases which emptied Iobaria two millennia ago have never disappeared completely, and still serve to keep its population very low. Most live in the endless forest wilderness in a state of semi-barbarism, and avoid the ruined cities of their ancestors altogether.<ref name="CS-153" />
+
 
 +
Iobaria today is sparsely populated, with most humans living outside of the old cities in tiny settlements. About eight of every ten inhabitants live in the endless forest wilderness in a state of semi-barbarism, and avoid the ruined cities of their ancestors altogether. The numerous diseases which emptied Iobaria two millennia ago have never disappeared completely, and still serve to keep its population very low.<ref name="CS-153"/> Other non-human races live as nomads in small packs.<ref name="PF-33_55"/>
  
 
==== Religion ====
 
==== Religion ====
Today, Iobarans worship a vast group of minor nature spirits. Most religious figures are [[druid]]s.<ref name="CS-153" />
+
 
 +
Today, Iobarians worship a vast group of [[minor nature spirits]], and most religious figures are [[druid]]s.<ref name="CS-153"/>
  
 
== References ==
 
== References ==
{{refs}}
+
 
 +
[[Paizo]] published a major article on Iobaria in ''[[The Varnhold Vanishing]]''.
 +
 
 +
{{Refs|2}}
 +
 
 +
{{Iobaria navbox}}
 +
 
 +
[[Category:Iobaria| ]]
 
[[Category:Nations of Casmaron]]
 
[[Category:Nations of Casmaron]]
 +
[[Category:Nations]]

Latest revision as of 05:00, 9 January 2019

This is a PathfinderWiki Featured Article.
Iobaria
The region of Iobaria
(Nation)
Alignment Varies
Capital None
Ruler Many local rulers
Government Various
Demonym Iobarians
Adjective Iobarian
Languages Iobarian
Religions Minor nature spirits
Images of Iobaria

Source: The Varnhold Vanishing, pg(s). 54–63

The land of Iobaria is located east of the nation of Brevoy, north of the Castrovin Sea, and is considered part of the continent of Casmaron. Human settlers have united the land into an empire in the past, but currently the land is largely wilderness thanks to a series of plagues that have severely depopulated the region.[1]

History

See also: Timeline of Iobaria

Koloran

No one is sure who lived in Iobaria in the early eons of the Age of Legend, but someone carved the steps into Dirrinir, a mountain in the Icerime Peaks.[2] The first recorded inhabitants of the area where the cyclopes of the Kingdom of Koloran who left ruins in Iobaria and are mentioned in the ancient texts of Iblydos, itself one of the oldest human civilizations of Casmaron. The Koloran cyclopes were refugees from the even older realm of Ghol-Gan in Garund, and left that kingdom looking for a new life free of the brutality and bloodlust that would soon cause its demise.[3] Although few hard facts are known about Koloran, it is thought that ended in the planet-wide apocalypse of Earthfall in -5293 AR.[4]

Ulfen settle Iobaria

During the 700s AR, Ulfen explorers from Avistan migrated east along the southern edges of the Crown of the World. They traveled east from the Lake of Mists and Veils until they reached the Castrovin Sea. There they spread out and attempted to subdue their new, hostile environment.[5] Okormirr was the first Ulfen settlement east of the Lake, and was founded around 752 AR.[6] Okormirr then spawned the city of Orlov, which eclipsed its predecessor in 764 AR. In 905 AR, the ruler Iobar the Potent of Orlov succeeded in uniting the Ulfen of Iobaria into a single realm.[6]

The Iobarian empire at its height stretched from the Icewall, Ice Steppes, and the Lake of Mists and Veils in the north to the Myrfrus River in the east, Mendev (past the Icerime Peaks and Hills of Nomen) to the west, and the Castrovin Sea to the south.[6][7] Iobaria also extended itself into Avistan, founding the colonies of Issia (now part of Brevoy) and Mendev.[5]

The Plagues

In 1106 AR was the first recorded great plague, the Tearplague. Most of the plagues seem to have arisen from the forests.[8] Iobarians have blamed cyclops ruins like Orosknir,[2] and in 2767 AR they blamed foreigners. The one plague which they tracked down to its source was the Chardeath in 1634 AR, which in 1869 AR they tracked to the necromancer Otyb the Undying. Even today a host of illnesses keeps the population low.[4]

The worst plague was the Choking Death of 2742 AR that killed three quarters of the population and led to a vicious pogrom remembered as the Native Plaguestrife, and entire cities were abandoned as a result of these tragedies.[5] Thus weakened, the kingdom of Iobaria lost control of its vassal states, which rebelled against its control, only to collapse themselves once they were cut off from central support.[1] Even after the Choking Death subsided, it never really disappeared completely from Iobaria, but continued keeping population growth in check for centuries.[5]

New Iobaria

In 3212 AR, three warlords reunited much of Iobaria as New Iobaria.[9] These fell into internecine strife before the unification was complete. King Irral I won the Restoration War in 3304 AR (although peace was not declared until 3309 AR)[9] with the help of draconian allies. In repayment, Irral ceded control of all cyclopean ruins not currently in use to the dragons. The human-occupied cities remained human, and humans retained a presence in strategically-important sites like Fralros. Antoll was the capital at New Iobaria's height, which lasted from roughly 3312 AR3679 AR.[10]

More strife then occurred, but one clan emerged the winner by 3870 AR, pushing the rivals into Brevoy. This form of New Iobaria survived, somewhat stagnantly, until the Drakeplague of 4519 AR, when decline struck in earnest.[9]

In 4606 AR, the god Aroden fell and the Worldwound opened in the Kellid realm of Sarkoris In the next two decades, many Mendevians fled east, followed by the Sarkorians. New Iobaria could not absorb the Sarkorians, and the kingdom collapsed again, starting at Mavradia.[4]

Geography

Orlov
The former coastal capital of Iobaria manages to retain faint traces of its ancient grandeur. Its scheming prince dreams of re-establishing the Empire, but in fact does not even have enough troops to fully man the city's ancient fortifications.[1]
Hask-Ultharan, the "Cairn of Many Torments"[11]
This is an enormous cairn of quarried stone blocks, marked in the script of the cyclopes. The Record of Truan Iolavai describes how the scholar and his party investigated the cairn, against the advice of his local guides, only to be driven off by a howling mob of malformed giants led by the demon lord Kostchtchie.[1]

Inhabitants

Iobaria today is sparsely populated, with most humans living outside of the old cities in tiny settlements. About eight of every ten inhabitants live in the endless forest wilderness in a state of semi-barbarism, and avoid the ruined cities of their ancestors altogether. The numerous diseases which emptied Iobaria two millennia ago have never disappeared completely, and still serve to keep its population very low.[1] Other non-human races live as nomads in small packs.[6]

Religion

Today, Iobarians worship a vast group of minor nature spirits, and most religious figures are druids.[1]

References

Paizo published a major article on Iobaria in The Varnhold Vanishing.