Languages of the Great Beyond

Given the size of the multiverse, there are bound to be countless languages spoken within it. What follows is but a small sampling of languages spoken on other planes and planets, both within and from outside of Golarion's solar system.

Abyssal

Some believe that Abyssal was the first language developed by the inhabitants of the Outer Sphere.[1] Given the incredible rate of change within the tongue, this is very difficult to prove. Although it is the native language of the demons of the Abyss, it is also spoken by many devils, daemons, or others who have frequent dealings with races of the lower realms.[2] Abyssal is spoken on Golarion in the Worldwound, a region in northern Avistan with a direct connection to the Abyss that is overrun by demons.[3] In Tian Xia, Abyssal is most commonly spoken among the oni and other evil spirits.[4]

Androffan

Androffan is the native language of inhabitants of Androffa, including the creatures and robots that crewed the Divinity spaceship that crashed into Numeria during the Rain of Stars. Many of Numeria's ruins are inscribed in this complex language, and few Golarion natives outside of the Technic League can speak or read it;[5] indeed, the League actively hides documentation and teaching methods for learning the language. Nevertheless, it has been proved that magic, such as the spell comprehend languages can successfully decipher the script.[6]

To the ear, Androffan is clipped and sharp; in written form it is quite alien to other forms of writing on Golarion, using multiple dots to supplement a curved and graceful script.[6]

Aquan

Aquan, from the Plane of Water, grew from a proto-elemental language which was the progenitor of all elemental languages. Much of its vocabulary is taken up with water-related terms.[2] It is a guttural language with many long syllables made up of dense, throaty sounds[1], with affixes and inflections providing subtle shifts in meaning.[7] Aquan is spoken in Tian Xia in the kraken-ruled underwater nation of Xidao and by those who wish to do business with this strange realm. It is sometimes known as the "tongue of the sea" there.[8]

Auran

Auran is a soft-spoken, breathy language which shares a similar grammar with the other elemental languages. It is primarily spoken by those of the Elemental Plane of Air,[2] and occasionally by the inhabitants of the Wall of Heaven Mountains and the nation of Zi Ha in Tian Xia, where it is sometimes referred to as the "tongue of the heavens".[8]

Brethedan

Brethedan is the language spoken by the large, jellyfish-like natives of the gas giant planet Bretheda, also called Brethedans. The language is extremely difficult for humanoids to understand or to use for communication.[9]

Celestial

Celestial is spoken by all benevolent races of the Outer Sphere. It shares aspects of its structure with both Sylvan and Draconic[2], with few voiced consonants and lightly voiced vowels.[7] In Tian Xia, Celestial is the official language of the aasimar nation of Tianjing, and is growing in popularity in Kwanlai as well.[8]

Cyrunian

A language spoken by witchwyrds.[10]

D'ziriak

The d'ziriak are insect-like natives of the Shadow Plane who communicate using a language of their own also called D'ziriak. The language sounds quite simply like insect noises: a buzzing and a chittering noise. Fortunately, the creatures can communicate with other races using telepathy.[11]

Languages of Planet Earth

It seems that the humans of the planet Earth have many languages, and this list is unlikely to be comprehensive:

Balachka

Balachka is a dialect of the Cossacks.[12][13]

Church Slavonic

Church Slavonic is the primary liturgical language of the Russian Orthodox Church.[14][15]

Cimmerian

A language of an ancient civilization on Earth.[16][17]

Czech

Czech is the language of the Kingdom of Bohemia[18], but it is also spoken by certain mandragora.[19]

Greek

Greek is the language of the Kingdom of Greece[18], as well as the adjective for describing someone or something from Greece.[20]

Polish

Polish is the language of the Polish people of eastern Europe. This language is known to be understood by Baba Yaga.[21]

Proto-Indo-European

Proto-Indo-European is an early form of many modern languages of Earth.[22][23]

Russian

Russian is the language of the people of Russia, a large country on the distant planet of Earth.[24] This language is known to be understood by Baba Yaga.[21]

Sarmatian

A language of an ancient civilization on Earth.[16] This language is known to be understood by Baba Yaga.[21][25]

Scythian

A language of an ancient civilization on Earth.[16][26]

Elder Thing

The super-intelligent elder things, or "old ones", speak their own language also called Elder Thing. Due to the creature's alien form, the language is extremely difficult for other creatures to speak; it consists of high pitched shouts and doleful woodwind sounds. The written language is equally alien, being spun in circular patterns looking like nonsensical dots.[27]

Grioth

Grioth is both the name of the language and of the batlike humanoid creatures who speak it.[28]

Ib

Ib is the language used by beings of Ib and Ib shades. These creatures are unable to speak in the fashion understood by, say, humans but their language uses facial expressions and hand movements to communicate. They can also learn and understand other species' languages.[29]

Ignan

The language of the Elemental Plane of Fire, Ignan is a quick, percussive language, said to emulate the popping of a fire.[2][30] In Tian Xia, Ignan is also known as the "tongue of fire" and is most commonly spoken in the volcanic mountains of central Nagajor and the Valashmai Jungle.[4]

Infernal

Spoken predominantly in Hell and by those who traffic with it, Infernal is a concise language which requires precise speech. It contains many homophones in its vocabulary, leading to great confusion among novice speakers, as similar-sounding words can have widely varying meaning.[2][30] In Tian Xia, Infernal is sometimes spoken by oni and other evil spirits.[4]

Jandelayan

Jandalayan is the supposed language spoken by the inhabitants of the mythical realm of Jandelay. The only creature known to have ever spoken it is the one most closely related to that place: the Oliphaunt of Jandelay.[31]

Lashunta

The humanoid race who live on the planet Castrovel known as the lashunta speak their own language. Most lashunta also speak elven and can communicate with others via telepathy.[32]

Mi-Go

The unique language of the extraterrestrial plant life known as Mi-go consists of clicks of their pincers and subtle colour changes of their heads. This inseparable connection of the language with elements of a Mi-go's body makes it an almost impossible language to be mastered by non-Mi-go creatures.[33]

Ningese

Ningese is a language spoken on the planet Triaxus, the seventh planet in Golarion's solar system. It is spoken by the people of the island continent and independent empire called the Immortal Suzerainty of Ning.[34]

Protean

Protean is the ever-changing language of the proteans, who are natives of the Maelstrom. The language's mutability makes it very difficult to record or study in either its hissed vocalized form or its written form.[35]

Reptoid

Reptoids are mysterious reptilian creatures from another planet or even another plane that use their own language, Reptoid, to communicate.[36]

Shae

Shae is the language spoken by and named after the mysterious humanoids of the Shadow Plane called shae.[37]

Shobhad

Shobhad is the language spoken by and named after the four-armed giant inhabitants of the planet Akiton: shobhads.[38]

Terran

Like the other elemental languages, Terran sentences always begin with the subject, followed by the object and the verb.[citation needed] It is an extremely slow language and not meant to be rushed.[2] In Tian Xia, Terran is also known as the "tongue of earth" and is commonly spoken in their Darklands.[4]

Triaxian or Triaxian Common

Triaxian Common, or simply Triaxian, is a language spoken on the planet Triaxus, the seventh planet in Golarion's solar system. It is a trade language spoken by many more creatures than the Triaxian humanoids who dominate the planet. Only draconic is as widely spoken and understood on the planet.[39] This language is known to be understood by Baba Yaga.[21]

Truespeech

While not a language per-se, truespeech is a magical form of communication possessed by angels, archons, and azatas, which allows them to speak with any creature that possesses a language.[40] Mortals are not known to be capable of using truespeech, although on very rare occasions, empyreal lords have been known to bestow this power on worthy paladins in their service.[41] Truespeech is also spoken by the undead personifications of death known as grim reapers,[42] and the divine servitor race of Abadar's called the orsheval.[43]

Universal Language of the First World

Almost all creatures in the First World that can speak can do so in the First World's nameless common tongue. It is similar to both Sylvan and Aklo (to such an extent that those fluent in either language can generally understand this language as well) and may have been the root of both of those other languages.[44]

Yithian

Yithian is the language spoken by, and named after, the alien aberrations called yithians.[45]


References

  1. 1.0 1.1 James Jacobs et al. (2011). The Inner Sea World Guide, p. 251. Paizo Publishing, LLC. ISBN 978-1-60125-269-2
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 Erik Mona et al. (2008). Campaign Setting, p. 220. Paizo Publishing, LLC. ISBN 978-1-60125-112-1
  3. James Jacobs et al. (2011). The Inner Sea World Guide, p. 198. Paizo Publishing, LLC. ISBN 978-1-60125-269-2
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 James Jacobs, Dave Gross, Rob McCreary. (2011). Dragon Empires Gazetteer, p. 49. Paizo Publishing, LLC. ISBN 978-1-60125-379-8
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  13. For more information, please see Wikipedia: Balachka
  14. Brandon Hodge. (2013). NPC Gallery. Rasputin Must Die!, p. 56. Paizo Publishing, LLC. ISBN 978-1-60125-496-2
  15. For more information, please see Wikipedia: Church Slavonic language
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 Greg A. Vaughan. (2013). NPC Gallery. The Witch Queen's Revenge, p. 60. Paizo Publishing, LLC. ISBN 978-1-60125-497-9
  17. For more information, please see Wikipedia: Cimmerians
  18. 18.0 18.1 Please note that this term is not mentioned in the text and so is not canon; however, in his Foreword to Rasputin Must Die!, Brandon Hodge states that the Earth portrayed in this adventure 'has to be our world', so we have extrapolated a little to give context in order to aid DMs.
  19. Brandon Hodge. (2013). Rasputin Must Die!. Rasputin Must Die!, p. 12. Paizo Publishing, LLC. ISBN 978-1-60125-496-2
  20. Brandon Hodge. (2013). Rasputin Must Die!. Rasputin Must Die!, p. 42 & 52. Paizo Publishing, LLC. ISBN 978-1-60125-496-2
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  23. For more information of the real-world concept, please see Proto-Indo-European language
  24. Jim Groves. (2013). NPC Gallery. The Shackled Hut, p. 58. Paizo Publishing, LLC. ISBN 978-1-60125-493-1
  25. For more information, please see Wikipedia: Sarmatians
  26. For more information, please see Wikipedia: Scythians
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