Aleh Almaktoum

From PathfinderWiki

The Aleh Almaktoum (meaning Book of the Dead in Ancient Osiriani) is a series of at least 201 papyrus scrolls considered to be the definitive Osirian treatise and spellbook on necromancy, primarily on arcane matters. While ignorant people consider Geb to be its author2—and indeed, copies of the work since at least 484 AR are signed as having been written by Geb1—according to credible Osirionologists the Aleh Almaktoum far predated his birth, and he only collected it.2


Copies of the Alek Almaktoum is usually divided into four sections,2 though the sections themselves have changed over time with Geb's continued research.1

Some copies are structured into sections related to rituals of death and undeath:

  • Preparation of the dead for burial and how to protect a soul from predators with an occult ritual until it reaches the Boneyard to be judged by Pharasma2
  • How to combat undead and prevent their creation, including a list of conditions for the natural emergence of undead and symptoms of related diseases2
  • How to control or influence undead, and its moral and religious implications2
  • How to create undead (this section is believed to have been written by Geb much later than the previous ones, and is usually omitted from non-evil owners' copies)2

Newer editions, in which Geb claims more provenance over the work's contents, are divided into four sections focused on managing and cataloging undead:

  • "Prayers for the Living", claimed to have been written by Geb in -905 AR and considered unreliable by him, on the nature of undeath and controlling its spread3
  • "Hymns for the Dead", which Geb claims to have written centuries into his own undeath in 1125 AR, on the nature of negative energy, haunts, deities of undeath, and creating alliances with undead creatures4
  • "The Grim Crypt", which Geb claims to have updated as recently as 4722 AR, detailing myriad forms of undeath and the means of controlling undead creatures5
  • "Lands of the Dead", which Geb claims to have written or updated in 4722 AR, describing lands where the undead are particularly active or welcomed6


Paizo published a book, Book of the Dead, written in-character as a copy of the Aleh Almaktoum heavily annotated by Geb.

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Jason Bulmahn, et al. Book of the Dead, 4–5. Paizo Inc., 2022
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 Jason Bulmahn. “Occult Writings” in Occult Mysteries, 58. Paizo Inc., 2014
  3. Jason Bulmahn, et al. “1: Prayers for the Living” in Book of the Dead, 6–29. Paizo Inc., 2022
  4. Jason Bulmahn, et al. “2: Hymns for the Dead” in Book of the Dead, 30–69. Paizo Inc., 2022
  5. Jason Bulmahn, et al. “3: The Grim Crypt” in Book of the Dead, 70–173. Paizo Inc., 2022
  6. Jason Bulmahn, et al. “4: Lands of the Dead” in Book of the Dead, 174–189. Paizo Inc., 2022