Nagas, or "wormfolk" as they are derogatorily known, are a family of strange creatures found throughout Golarion. They share the same general physical shape: a long, serpentine body with a humanoid head. All are at least of average human intelligence. Known naga-kin include the water naga who predominately dwell in warm ocean waters, the subterranean dark naga, the benevolent guardian naga, the spiritual lunar naga, the sorcerous spirit naga, and the five-headed royal naga.
According to myth, nagas are the children of Ravithra, the Vudran goddess of snakes. A canny matriarch, she once tried to grant her children immortality but was stopped by the god Gruhastha and the first garuda Sudachala, causing the nagas to spread in different directions and diverge into different subspecies. This also began the enmity between nagas and garudas.
Nevertheless, the nagas did become the first rulers of Vudra in the Age of Serpents, with the vishkanyas, grippli, catfolk, and humans as their servants. The humans built great palaces and temples where the nagas could live and be worshipped, and the nagas in turn created classes of human professionals that would become the foundation of the future Vudran caste system.
Eventually, the naga empire suddenly fell. The exact reason has been lost to time: some myths blame Gruhastha and Sudachala again, others blame Desna for having put them into sleep for 444 years while their empire crumbled, while some archaeologists of the Pathfinder Society claim that the cause was just a mundane human rebellion.
After the loss of Vudra, the remaining nagas became paranoid, retreated from the new human civilisation to live in ruins, and stopped cooperating with other naga subspecies. The exception lies in Nagajor, a nation in southwestern Tian Xia, founded by the naga sorcerer Nalinivati and considered to be the sole remnant of the ancient naga empire. They have also spread across Golarion but remain most common in Nagajor, and some even view Nagajor as their ancestral homeland as if to attempt to ignore the shameful loss of Vudra. Despite the general loss of Vudra, there are still some mahajanapadas within the Impossible Kingdoms, particularly within the Crying Jungle region, that are openly ruled by nagas.
- James L. Sutter. (2007). Hand of the Handless (Pathfinder's Journal). The Hook Mountain Massacre, p. 77. Paizo Publishing, LLC. ISBN 978-1-60125-038-4
- Jason Bulmahn, F. Wesley Schneider. (2009). Bonus Bestiary, p. 14. Paizo Publishing, LLC.
- Jason Bulmahn. (2009). Bestiary (First Edition), p. 211. Paizo Publishing, LLC. ISBN 978-1-60125-183-1
- Jason Bulmahn. (2009). Bestiary (First Edition), p. 212. Paizo Publishing, LLC. ISBN 978-1-60125-183-1
- Jesse Benner et al. (2011). Bestiary 3 (First Edition), p. 197. Paizo Publishing, LLC. ISBN 978-1-60125-378-1
- Jason Bulmahn. (2009). Bestiary (First Edition), p. 213. Paizo Publishing, LLC. ISBN 978-1-60125-183-1
- David Eitelbach, F. Wesley Schneider, and Hank Woon. (2009). Bestiary. What Lies in Dust, p. 88. Paizo Publishing, LLC. ISBN 978-1-60125-197-8
- Patchen Mortimer. (2017). Ecology of the Naga. Siege of Stone, p. 73–79. Paizo Inc. ISBN 978-1-60125-940-0
- Alex Greenshields. (2012). Red Harvest, p. 5. Paizo Publishing, LLC.
- Saif Ansari. (2020). "Vudra, The Impossible Kingdoms". Sixty Feet Under, p. 70. Paizo Inc. ISBN 978-1-64078-263-1