From PathfinderWiki
Flag of Quain.

Successor State
Martial monarchy
Source: Dragon Empires Gazetteer, pg(s). 35 (1E)
Tian Xia World Guide, pg(s). 176–183 (2E)

The Successor State of Quain in Tian Xia is the largest center of martial arts training on the continent.1


Quain, in its current form, was formed in the wake of the fall of Imperial Lung Wa in 4606 AR. With the empire's fall, its remnants began to split into three broad factions: military, religious, and traditional. The traditionalists came to settle in Quain, while the militarists ended up in Lingshen, and the religious faction in Po Li. These are now the largest of the Successor States and still have a broadly antagonistic relationship to each other based on these factional divides.2

In 4699 AR, the so-called 'King of Heroes' Burning Cloud Devil, interrupted the Ceremony of the Celestial Dragon causing 12 years of droughts and other disasters to ravage Quain.2

Recent history

Quain's government was previously run as of 4711 AR by King Wen, an hereditary monarch who is supported by a bureaucracy of eunuchs. While tales about treachery and intrigue amongst this eunuch class were common, most were loyal and diligent servants of Quain. Eunuchs held a range of government roles, from managing commerce and conducting diplomacy, to spying on Quain's enemies and leading its armies into battle.1


Quain is a land rich in many resources including gemstones, gold, grain, stone, and timber. It also produces fine paper, silk, and tea, and is home to countless mercenary companies.1


The Golden River serves as Quain's northern border for much of its length and is also the country's primary, bustling trade route. According to legend, this river is the perspiration of the Celestial Dragon himself.1 Beyond the Golden River lies the rival successor state of Lingshen while, to the west and south, the Wall of Heaven mountains cut Quain off from the Embaral Ocean.3


As of 4724 AR Quain's government is led by Monarch Emeritus Nelongso, who gave up their ability to cultivate and their status as a grandmaster to the Celestial Dragon in order to take the position.4

This sacrifice of ability, which replaces a former ritual of sacrificing a noble maiden, is done every 12 years, at which point a new Monarch Emeritus is instated.4


Grandmasters clash in the streets of the village of Zhining.

Without the military strength of Lingshen or the religious power of Po Li the people of Quain instead rely on its heroes. Thousands and thousands of martial arts practitioners are split between hundreds of different temples, sects, schools, monasteries, and clans across all of Quain. Some of these practitioners seek riches, glory, or to prove the superiority of their personal martial arts style or school. These martial artists fight each other frequently but will unite to defend Quain in times of need. While the number of martial artists fluctuates constantly, it is said that some mystical force keeps the number of true martial art masters at one thousand.1

Most of Quain's human inhabitants are of the Tian-Shu ethnicity, although large numbers of kitsune and tengu also live in the country.1


The most commonly worshipped deities in Quain are Irori, Qi Zhong, Shizuru, and Sun Wukong.1


For additional as-yet unincorporated sources about this subject, see the Meta page.

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 James Jacobs, et al. “Regions of the Dragon Empires” in Dragon Empires Gazetteer, 35. Paizo Inc., 2011
  2. 2.0 2.1 James Jacobs, et al. “Regions of the Dragon Empires” in Dragon Empires Gazetteer, 17. Paizo Inc., 2011
  3. James Jacobs, et al. “Regions of the Dragon Empires” in Dragon Empires Gazetteer, 47. Paizo Inc., 2011
  4. 4.0 4.1 Eren Ahn, et al. Quain” in Tian Xia World Guide, 182–183. Paizo Inc., 2024