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Aroden's holy symbol.
Titles Last of the First Humans
The Last Azlanti
Living God[1]
Adjective Arodenite
Home Aroden's Domain, Axis
Alignment Lawful neutral
Areas of Concern Humanity
Fulfilment of destiny
Worshipers Aroden has few worshipers now, as he is dead (formerly Absalom, Andoran, Cheliax, Sargava, Taldor, Varisia)
Domains Community, Glory, Knowledge, Law, Protection
Favored Weapon Longsword
Symbol Eye of Aroden
Images of Aroden

Source: A Song of Silver, pg(s). 68-73

Aroden (pronounced AIR-oh-den)[2] was the immortal Azlanti human who raised the Starstone from the bottom of the Inner Sea in 1 AR, founded the city of Absalom, and became a living god.[3]


Aroden, the Last Azlanti.

Aroden was born in the tumultuous final days of Azlant. According to legends, he was an unrivalled blacksmith and Azlant's premier swordmaker, and personally wielded many of his swords to defend Azlant from the chaos in its last decades. He was a follower of Acavna, the Azlanti moon goddess, and Amaznen, god of magic. His most famous creation during this time was the Azlanti Diamond, a clear jewel-bladed sword intended to be the weapon of the next Azlanti emperor. When the then-emperor failed to choose a successor from a pool of unimpressive candidates, he asked Aroden to decide for him, and Aroden took it upon himself to keep the Azlanti Diamond. Many believe this decision provoked the veiled masters to call down Earthfall to destroy Azlant.[4][5]

Aroden led the Azlanti survivors east to the empire's colonies in Avistan and tried to salvage the empire's vast cultural legacy, especially its unparalleled magical developments. Somehow, Aroden became immortal even as his contemporaries bred with other humans and died. Thus, he is considered the "Last of the First Humans" because he was ostensibly the last "pure-blooded" High Azlanti to die (by several thousand years).[4][6]

After a few centuries, a sect of the prophecy-obsessed Knights of the Ioun Star, the former guard of Azlanti emperors, declared Aroden the embodiment of the Last Azlanti prophesied in the Starfall Doctrine. During this time, he led an army into the Abyss to kill Ibdurengian, a demon lord who had been ravaging Azlanti colonies for three centuries in a quest to eradicate all of Azlant's descendants. Thereafter, Aroden remained in the Great Beyond, building up alliances with otherworldly creatures and exploring alien philosophies that expanded his mortal consciousness and perspective. Aroden eventually returned with a new focus: charting a new destiny for humankind as a whole.[4]

Aroden's travels in Golarion during this time led him to the nation of Xopatl in Arcadia in -1524 AR. He befriended the native adventurer Arazni, and together they defeated such foes as Imictal and Tlocach. In -1489 AR, two years after his companion's death, Aroden left Xopatl; unknown to its rulers, he had spliced his arcane signature into the Veins of Creation, Xopatl's power grid in Tumbaga Mountain, in the process greatly expanding his power.[7] Before his ascension, he is known to have completed a number of miraculous tasks. The most famous of these is when he traveled to the settlement of Egorian in Cheliax. The town was surrounded by plains of red roses, half of which turned white at Aroden's mere presence. These flowers maintained their coloration for thousands of years thereafter.[8]

Aroden is best known for raising the Starstone to its current resting place on the Isle of Kortos, at the heart of the city of Absalom. He thereafter ascended into the heavens, becoming the patron deity of the Kingdom of Taldor.[3] After his ascension, Aroden worked hard to protect and aid humanity, while encouraging the rise of his faith, especially in Taldor. He guided the brightest and finest of humanity to Absalom, and encouraged the growth of the city. He preferred to provide aid from a distance (such as the siege of Absalom in 166 AR, when the Archmage Nex besieged the city). When necessary, Aroden took a very active role in the destruction of humanity's foes.[9] He also defeated the wizard-king Tar-Baphon in combat in 896 AR.[10][4]

Over a few thousand years, Taldor (located due east of the Isle of Kortos) spread its borders northwest across the southern reaches of the continent of Avistan, claiming territory in what is now known as Cheliax, and Aroden's religion spread with it. As Taldor eventually became decadent and effete, the clerics of Aroden took their religion (and their mandate from heaven) west to Cheliax.[11][12]

As early as the fourth century AR, historical records depict a god increasingly removed from the mundane affairs of Golarion, and in the next few centuries he shifted his focus to his growing domain on Axis. When travelling to Nirvana in 1121 AR, he met his old friend Arazni again, now an astral deva, and she accepted to serve as his herald. When Tar-Baphon returned to the world as a lich, Aroden did not intervene, leaving the matter to Arazni (to disastrous results). Aroden is only known to have appeared once in recent centuries, in 4433 AR in the Kellid nation of Sarkoris, to fight the avatar of the demon lord Deskari and drive him and his followers into the Lake of Mists and Veils.[4][13][14][7]

Aroden was a god of human culture, innovation, and history. An important prophecy known as the Starfall Doctrine suggested that he was to manifest in Cheliax in 4606 AR, marking the beginning of a long-awaited Age of Glory. Instead, at the appointed hour, Golarion was racked with three weeks of storms that left the Eye of Abendego as a lasting reminder. When the weather broke, the clerics of Aroden found themselves disconnected from their god. When Abrogail Thrune I took control of the empire, Aroden was dead, and prophecy, which had defined Aroden's life and spurred his personal accomplishments and ambitions, stopped functioning.[4][15][16]

Aroden's fate

Aroden died in 4606 AR, and his clerics no longer receive his spells. Countless theories exist about how he might have died, including a battle with Rovagug or Asmodeus, a journey beyond the Outer Sphere, or reincarnation into a mortal man to save humanity. The gods might know his true fate, particularly Pharasma, but if they do, they are not revealing it to mortals.[17][16][4]


The twelve guises of Aroden

When Aroden walked the world disguised, he took on one of twelve guises: artist, beggar, craftsman or artisan, farmer, fisher, hunter, merchant, scholar, shepherd, soldier, tailor, and thief. Travelers to Westcrown can find these guises carved into stone along the northern wall of the Canaroden, a long canal in the city's Parego Spera district.[18] The twelve guises are also portrayed in statuary in the hidden vaults of the Korradath—the building from where Imperial Cheliax was once governed—the vaults were formerly used by the Church of Aroden in Westcrown.[19]

Church of Aroden

Most of Aroden's followers have become clerics of Iomedae, his greatest servant, who is one of the few mortals of Golarion to complete the Test of the Starstone and gain divinity herself.[20] Those few who do stay true to the Last Azlanti have been left without divine power, sometimes resorting to mimicking true clerical ability with magic items. They preside over crumbling temples, many of which have been taken over by other religions.[3]


A procession of Aroden's followers.

Priests of Aroden wear elaborate, archaic, multi-layered vestments that were popular in Taldor when the center of the church was still located there. Tall hats or helmets are common as well, and are said to have been inspired by the fashions of ancient Azlant.[3]

Holy text

Aroden's holy text is called The History and Future of Humanity.[21]


Paizo published major articles about Aroden in Humans of Golarion and A Song of Silver.

For additional resources, see the Meta page.

  1. Alexander Augunas, Steven T. Helt, and David N. Ross. (2016). Arcane Anthology, p. 6. Paizo Inc. ISBN 978-1-60125-814-4
  2. Erik Mona et al. (2008). Campaign Setting, p. 246. Paizo Publishing, LLC. ISBN 978-1-60125-112-1
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Erik Mona et al. (2008). Campaign Setting, p. 170. Paizo Publishing, LLC. ISBN 978-1-60125-112-1
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 Erik Mona. (2015). Aroden, the Last Azlanti. A Song of Silver, p. 69-70. Paizo Inc. ISBN 978-1-60125-795-6
  5. Erik Mona. (2015). Aroden, the Last Azlanti. A Song of Silver, p. 73. Paizo Inc. ISBN 978-1-60125-795-6
  6. Erik Mona. (August 27, 2007). Aroden, Paizo Messageboards.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Crystal Frasier. (2019). To Exceed Their Grasp. The Dead Roads, p. 79. Paizo Inc. ISBN 978-1-64078-111-5
  8. Jonathan H. Keith, Colin McComb, Steven E. Schend, Leandra Christine Schneider, and Amber E. Scott. (2009). Cheliax, Empire of Devils, p. 15. Paizo Publishing, LLC. ISBN 978-1-60125-191-6
  9. James Jacobs. (2010). Lords of Chaos, p. 31. Paizo Publishing, LLC. ISBN 978-1-60125-250-0
  10. Adam Daigle. (2011). Liches of Golarion. Shadows of Gallowspire, p. 69. Paizo Publishing, LLC. ISBN 978-1-60125-313-2
  11. Joshua J. Frost. (2009). Taldor, Echoes of Glory, p. 3. Paizo Publishing, LLC. ISBN 978-1-60125-169-5
  12. James Jacobs et al. (2011). The Inner Sea World Guide, p. 235. Paizo Publishing, LLC. ISBN 978-1-60125-269-2
  13. James Jacobs et al. (2011). The Inner Sea World Guide, p. 198. Paizo Publishing, LLC. ISBN 978-1-60125-269-2
  14. James Jacobs, Jonathan H. Keith, Jason Nelson, Todd Stewart, and Tanith Tyrr. (2013). The Worldwound, p. rear inside cover. Paizo Publishing, LLC. ISBN 978-1-60125-532-7
  15. Erik Mona and Jason Bulmahn. (2008). Gazetteer, p. 59. Paizo Publishing, LLC. ISBN 978-1-60125-077-3
  16. 16.0 16.1 Erik Mona et al. (2008). Campaign Setting, p. 68. Paizo Publishing, LLC. ISBN 978-1-60125-112-1
  17. Jason Bulmahn et al. (2014). Occult Mysteries, p. 5. Paizo Inc. ISBN 978-1-60125-649-2
  18. Steven Schend. (2009). Westcrown. The Bastards of Erebus, p. 57. Paizo Publishing, LLC. ISBN 978-1-60125-190-9
  19. Ron Lundeen. (2016). Hell Comes to Westcrown. Hell Comes to Westcrown, p. 47. Paizo Inc. ISBN 978-1-60125-851-9
  20. Erik Mona. (August 2, 2007). Aroden, Paizo Messageboards.
  21. James Jacobs, Colin McComb, Sean K Reynolds, Amber Scott, and Larry Wilhelm. (2011). Humans of Golarion, p. 27. Paizo Publishing, LLC. ISBN 978-1-60125-315-6