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Lord Achimair, a sahuagin barbarian.
Type Monstrous humanoid
CR 2
Environment Temperate or warm ocean
Adjective Sahuagin
Images of sahuagin

Source: Bestiary, pg(s). 239

The sahuagin (pronounced sah-HOO-ah-gihn), sometimes called sea devils,[1] are one of the most populous aquatic races to dwell upon Golarion's ocean floors, much to the chagrin of the ocean's other races.[citation needed]


Sahuagin in Outsea.

Sahuagin appear as some sort of cross between humanoids and fish, while their frame has much in common with humans—they are larger with most sahuagin being at least seven foot tall—having two arms and two legs they also boast a tail that ends in a fish-like fin to help propel them through the water. A sahuagin's head is clearly piscine, with a mouth that gapes like a fish but it is filled with sharp, flesh-rending teeth.[2]

Habitat and ecology

The sahuagin can be found living in most of Golarion's temperate seas from the Obari Ocean and the Inner Sea to the nearly endless expanse of the Arcadian Ocean. They build vast cities in the depths of the ocean that rival the air breathers' great metropolises, while near the shoreline they create impregnable fortresses from which to launch raid after raid against land dwellers. It is not just those above the waves whom the sahuagin hate, they are in constant conflict with other aquatic creatures such as the merfolk, gutaki and even the mighty aboleths.[2] Their warlike tendencies have made the sahuagin one of Golarion's most hated races.[3] The only creatures the sahuagin seem to get along with are sharks, with which they can communicate telepathically.[2] The sahuagin have even developed their own species of servitor sharks called feeders in the depths, which are more intelligent and more bloodthirsty than regular sharks.[4]

On Golarion

While they are a threat to any creature they are near, the sahuagin are a particular threat in the western isles of the Shackles, especially around the port city of Ollo.[5] They are also one of the dominant races of the amphibious River Kingdom of Outsea, where they are strangely able to live in relative peace with the native population of merfolk.[6]

On the continent of Tian Xia, they are most commonly found in the undersea kingdom of Xidao, although they exist in smaller numbers than the dominant locathahs. They dwell in the many caverns and crevices which honeycomb the underwater trench known as the Aya-Maru, where they live in nearly constant conflict with local merrow tribes.[7]

In the Okaiyo Ocean, the Sintos Trench is home to greater numbers of sahuagin than anywhere else in Golarion, enough to form a true empire. Their capital, whose true name is unpronounceable by most other species and is often called Furydeep instead, is home to 10,000 sahuagin, in addition to large numbers of adaros, sharks, aquatic mutants and slaves.[8]

In the Great Beyond

Sahuagin are not just limited to Golarion's oceans. They can also be found on the Elemental Plane of Water. They are not native to the plane, but migrated there thousands of years ago at the behest of some now-forgotten prophet. They arrived soon after the death of the final Saline Padishah, Niloufar the Great, and the demise of the marid empire. The sahuagin spent hundreds of years carving out a vast empire for themselves before they fell to bloody infighting. Now rather than one vast, united empire, there are countless smaller "kingdoms" controlled by ruthless warlords, hulking mutant sahuagin, or strange religious cults each seeking to recreate their ancient empire with themselves at the head.[9]


Four-armed sahuagin
Type Monstrous humanoid
CR 3
Environment Temperate or warm ocean

Source: Monster Codex, pg(s). 188

Sahuagin have a unique genealogy which is prone to random useful mutations. Within their society these mutations are seen as a divine blessing, and those who posses them frequently rise to the highest level of sahuagin society. By far the most common of these mutations is the additional set of arms of four-armed sahuagin. Another infamous mutation are the rare and mysterious sahuagin individuals known as malenti: these are sahuagin who look exactly like aquatic elves. Despite their less fearsome appearance, within the malenti beat the same bloodthirsty hearts as those of any other sahuagin.[2]

Numerous other strains of mutant sahuagin exist in addition to four-armed mutants and malenti:

  • Prehistoric sahuagin, or adacthys, are unusually large and powerful sahuagin who originate as throwbacks to the species' ancient past. They can communicate with aquatic dinosaurs and megafauna in addition to sharks.[10]
  • Shark-blooded sahuagin have abnormally large mouths filled with sharp, sharklike teeth and fully piscine lower bodies reminiscent of those of merfolk.[10]
  • Sightless sahuagin, which often live in flooded caverns or the abysses of the seas, have no eyes, pallid skin and glowing lures capable of mesmerizing other creatures.[10]
  • Spined sahuagin are covered in hundreds of spines that protect them against physical attacks.[10]


Paizo Inc. published a major section about sahuagin in Monster Codex.